Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Ratified
International agreements will be referred to the relevant committee – in the case of the UK, it will be the Foreign Affairs Committees (AFET) and International Trade Committees (INTA). The committee then reviews each convention and draws up a report that will be submitted to parliament as a whole, retaining the views of other interested committees and recommending that they be adopted or rejected. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The EU Withdrawal Agreement adopted its withdrawal agreement on Wednesday 22 January. This awareness sets out the necessary measures for the withdrawal agreement to be ratified by both the UK and the EU. The UK is due to leave the EU on 31 January on the basis of the revised Withdrawal Agreement (VA). But before it enters into force, the VA must be ratified by the UK and the EU according to their own internal procedures. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020.
The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185.