Tomato Suspension Agreement 2020
– information relating to the consignor`s invoice, including invoice number, date, brand, type of tomato, quantity (cartons) and value; Since the 2002 agreement would no longer cover all imports of fresh tomatoes from Mexico, Commerce issued a Memorandum of Understanding to denounce the 2002 agreement, end the five-year review of the suspended investigation, and relaunch the AD investigation.  On 16 January 22, 2008, Trade signed a new suspension agreement (2008 agreement) with producers/exporters representing essentially all imports of fresh tomatoes from Mexico.  Over the past two decades, tomato production in the United States has declined significantly, while Mexican imports have increased. And while Florida is still the best tomato state in the nation, production has been steadily declining since 2000. Florida had 300 tomato farmers, but now has fewer than 50. Work is one of the main reasons for this change. Most fresh tomatoes are hand-picked — and farm workers are increasingly difficult to find and expensive. During this downward trend, the U.S. tomato industry complained that Mexican producers have an unfair advantage. The Mexican tomato industry has significantly increased production, not only through a reduction in labor costs, but also through significant support from the Mexican government in the form of capital for producers, investments in infrastructure and technologies to modernize the sector, and other subsidies throughout the supply chain. The U.S. tomato industry first filed a case in the United States. Commercial agencies in the 1970s seeking to free themselves from Mexican competition from cheap tomatoes, which they claimed were sold in the United States at a market value below fair market value (or that they were “dumped”).
The anti-dumping case was eventually dropped, but after NAFTA was passed, Florida tomato growers renewed their complaint claiming that Mexican tomatoes were a threat to the local industry. The U.S. International Trade Commission has been supportive of American ranchers. Faced with potential anti-dumping duties on their exports, Mexican producers concluded a so-called “suspension” agreement in 1996. The products subject to this Agreement are all fresh or chilled tomatoes (fresh tomatoes) originating in Mexico, with the exception of tomatoes which have been used for processing. For the purposes of this Agreement, processing is defined as preservation by a commercial process such as.B. preservation, dehydration, drying or addition of chemical substances or processing of the tomato product into juice, sauces or purees. . . .